Beagle Size and Appearance: What to Expect

By: Beagle Wiki Staff

The Beagle is a breed known for its compact size and distinct appearance, resembling a smaller Foxhound with a keen sense of smell and a generally friendly demeanor. They come in two size varieties with those under 13 inches at the shoulder and those between 13 and 15 inches. Full-grown males typically range from 13 to 16 inches tall and weigh between 18 to 24 pounds, while females measure around 13 to 15 inches in height and weigh 19 to 22 pounds on average.

Their appearance is characterized by a solid build, a short coat available in any true hound color, and a facial expression that portrays a gentle and inquisitive nature. These dogs are considered small to medium-sized, and while they share a standard size range, individual sizes can be influenced by factors like genetics, nutrition, and exercise. Regular veterinary care remains essential in detecting any health issues related to their size.

Key Takeaways

  • Beagles are small to medium-sized dogs with two height varieties.
  • They have a sturdy build with a short coat that comes in various hound colors.
  • Size can be influenced by genetics and lifestyle, with regular vet care crucial for health.

Breed Overview

In focusing on the Beagle’s size and appearance, it’s pertinent to acknowledge its origins and the breed’s widespread popularity that has been influenced by these characteristics.


The Beagle is a small to medium-sized hound with its roots tracing back to England. Historical records indicate Beagles were originally bred for hunting small game due to their keen sense of smell and stout build. There are two main size varieties of this breed: the first stands under 13 inches at the shoulder, and the second falls between 13 and 15 inches.


The Beagle’s size, along with its friendly and inquisitive temperament, has contributed to its popularity. They are well-regarded in the United States and across the world, often making the list of the American Kennel Club’s most registered breeds. The appeal of the Beagle lies in its compact size, making it a suitable companion for various living conditions, from apartments to large homes with yards.

Physical Characteristics

Beagles are small to medium-sized dogs known for their sturdy and compact build. This section delves into their general body structure and distinctive coat and coloring.

General Body Structure

Beagles typically fall into two size varieties: those that stand under 13 inches at the shoulder and those between 13 and 15 inches. Regardless of their size, they boast a muscular body, a level back, and a chest that provides ample lung space. Their weight ranges from approximately 18 to 30 pounds, with a balanced physique that is neither too skinny nor overweight.

  • Height (at withers):
    • Under 13 inches variety
    • 13 to 15 inches variety
  • Weight:
    • Males: 18-30 lbs
    • Females: slightly lighter

Coat and Coloring

A Beagle’s coat is short, dense, and weather-resistant, making it well-suited for various climates. The breed standard allows for any true hound color including tri-color, red and white, and lemon. The coat is designed to protect them from the elements while they engage in activities such as hunting or playing outdoors.

  • Coat Length: Short
  • Typical Colors: Tri-color, Red and White, Lemon, etc.
  • Texture: Dense and weather-resistant

Standard Size Dimensions

Beagles are commonly segmented into two size categories based on their height at the shoulder. These distinctions are essential to meet breed standards and give potential owners clarity on the expected size of their pet.


13 inches and under:

  • Sometimes referred to as “Pocket Beagles,” these are the smaller variety.

13 to 15 inches:

  • This range applies to the larger category of Beagle.



  • Typically weigh between 18 and 24 pounds.


  • Usually weigh somewhat less, ranging from 19 to 22 pounds.

Gender Differences

In Beagles, sexual dimorphism is expressed in both size and weight, with males generally being larger than females. While the range of variation between individuals can be notable, on average the distinctions are as follows:


  • Males: Typically stand 14-16 inches tall at the shoulder
  • Females: Slightly shorter, with a typical range of 13-15 inches in height


  • Males: On average, weigh between 22-25 pounds
  • Females: Tend to be lighter, with weights ranging from 20-23 pounds

Beyond physical size, there may be subtle differences in appearance and behavior, though again, individual variations are common. Careful breeding and care can affect the size and temperament of any given Beagle, male or female.

Gender Height (inches) Weight (pounds)
Male 14-16 22-25
Female 13-15 20-23

The information indicates that males generally exhibit a more robust build, while females may be more petite. However, it’s paramount to recognize that outliers exist, and a female Beagle can occasionally surpass a male in size. Additionally, these distinctions are just one facet of breed characterization and should not be the sole criteria when considering a Beagle for companionship.

Grooming and Care

Grooming is a fundamental aspect of caring for a Beagle’s physical appearance and well-being. Their short, dense coat requires regular maintenance to stay clean and healthy.

Weekly Brushing:
A Beagle’s coat should be brushed weekly. This helps to reduce shedding and maintain a sleek appearance. A soft-bristled brush is effective for removing loose fur and distributing skin oils.

Bathing Routine:
They do not require frequent baths, but it’s recommended to bathe them every few months or as needed. Mild dog shampoo should be used to keep their skin from drying out.

Nail Trimming:
Regular nail trims are necessary to prevent discomfort when walking. High-quality clippers or a nail grinder can be used, and it’s essential to avoid the quick to prevent bleeding.

Ear Care:
Beagles have floppy ears that can trap moisture and debris, leading to infections. Owners should check and clean their ears weekly using a gentle cleaner recommended by a veterinarian.

Dental Hygiene:
Brushing their teeth regularly prevents tartar buildup and dental diseases. A canine toothbrush and toothpaste should be part of their grooming kit.

Beagles are low-maintenance when it comes to grooming, but they benefit greatly from routine care, which contributes to their overall health and happiness.

Frequently Asked Questions

This section addresses common queries regarding the specifics of Beagle size, distinguishing features, and appropriate considerations for Beagle apparel.

What are the standard size dimensions (height and weight) for adult Beagles?

Adult Beagles typically measure 13-16 inches in height. Males usually weigh between 18-30 pounds, while the weight for females is generally 18-24 pounds.

How does Beagle size differ between males and females?

Males are often slightly larger than females. While both genders can reach similar heights, male Beagles tend to be on the higher end of the weight spectrum compared to their female counterparts.

What are the common coat colors and patterns found in Beagles?

Beagles most commonly exhibit tricolor patterns of black, brown, and white. However, their coats can also come in other colors such as red and white, lemon and white, and even solid colors.

At what age is a Beagle considered fully grown?

Beagles are considered fully grown by the time they reach one year of age. At this point, they have typically reached their full height and weight.

What are the defining physical characteristics of a Beagle?

A Beagle is recognized by its medium length, dome-shaped head, large brown or hazel eyes, square-cut muzzle, and long, hound-like ears. They possess a muscular body and a short, sleek coat.

What range of sizes should one consider when purchasing apparel for a Beagle?

When choosing apparel for a Beagle, it is important to consider products that cater to dogs within the 13-16 inch height range and 18-30 pounds weight range. It is advisable to measure the dog for an accurate fit before purchasing.

About the author

Beagle Wiki Staff

Beagle Wiki staff members bring a wealth of experience in dog training, editing, and research, ensuring the delivery of accurate, comprehensive content. Dedication to meticulous editorial scrutiny upholds Beagle Wiki's reputation as a trusted, authoritative source for all things related to Beagle care and knowledge.